Paediatric Surgery

Related Articles

Gastric Duplication Cyst: A Rare Congenital Anomaly Causing Gastric Outlet Obstruction.

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad. 2019 Jul-Sep;31(3):466-468

Authors: Khan Khattak MA, Nisar MU, Sikander S, Akthar N

Abstract
Gastrointestinal duplication cyst is a rare congenital anomaly with a reported incidence of 1 in 4500 live births. Any part of gastrointestinal tract from mouth to anus can be affected with this anomaly. Among gastrointestinal tract duplications, gastric duplication cyst is extremely rare (2- 9%). We are presenting a case of the stomach duplication in a four (04) day old male child who presented in our Emergency Department with complaints of non-bilious, non-projectile vomiting and visible bulge in upper abdomen since birth. Workup showed enteric duplication cyst which was excised. Complete surgical resection is the treatment of choice in gastric duplication cyst.

PMID: 31535531 [PubMed - in process]

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Thoracostomy in children with severe trauma: An overview of the paediatric experience in Victoria, Australia.

Emerg Med Australas. 2019 Sep 18;:

Authors: Quinn N, Palmer CS, Bernard S, Noonan M, Teague WJ

Abstract
OBJECTIVE: Thoracic trauma is a leading cause of paediatric trauma deaths. Traumatic cardiac arrest, tension pneumothorax and massive haemothorax are life-threatening conditions requiring emergency and definitive pleural decompression. In adults, thoracostomy is increasingly preferred over needle thoracocentesis for emergency pleural decompression. The present study reports on the early experience of thoracostomy in children, to inform debate regarding the best approach for emergency pleural compression in paediatric trauma.
METHODS: Retrospective review of Ambulance Victoria and The Royal Children's Hospital Melbourne, Trauma Registry between August 2016 and February 2019 to identify children undergoing thoracostomy for trauma, either pre-hospital or in the ED.
RESULTS: Fourteen children aged 1.2-15 years underwent 23 thoracostomy procedures over the 31 month period. The majority of patients sustained transport-related injuries, and underwent thoracostomies for the primary indications of hypoxia and hypotension. Two children were in traumatic cardiac arrest. Ten children underwent needle thoracocentesis prior to thoracostomy, but all required thoracostomy to achieve the necessary definitive decompression. All patients were severely injured with multiple-associated serious injuries and median Injury Severity Score 35.5 (17-75), three of whom died from their injuries. Thoracostomy in our cohort had a low complication rate.
CONCLUSION: In severely injured children, thoracostomy is an effective and reliable method to achieve emergency pleural decompression, including in the young child. The technical challenges presented by under review process children are real, but can be addressed by training to support a low complication rate. We recommend thoracostomy over needle thoracocentesis as the first-line intervention in children with traumatic cardiac arrest, tension pneumothorax and massive haemothorax.

PMID: 31531952 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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Letter to editor re: Baba T, Mukai M, Masuya R, et al. (2019) The long-term health-related quality of life in patients operated for choledochal cyst. Pediatr Surg Int 35:539-546.

Pediatr Surg Int. 2019 08;35(8):915-916

Authors: Stringer MD

PMID: 31197445 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Related Articles

Getting It Right First Time: the national survey of surgical site infection rates in NHS trusts in England.

Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 2019 Sep;101(7):463-471

Authors: Wong J, Ho C, Scott G, Machin JT, Briggs T

Abstract
INTRODUCTION: Surgical site infections are associated with increased morbidity and mortality in patients. The Getting It Right First Time surgical site infection programme set up a national survey to review surgical site infection rates in surgical units in England. The objectives were for frontline clinicians to assess the rates of infection following selected procedures, to examine the risk of significant complications and to review current practice in the prevention of surgical site infection.
METHODS: A national survey was launched in April 2017 to assess surgical site infections within 13 specialties: breast surgery, cardiothoracic surgery, cranial neurosurgery, ear, nose and throat surgery, general surgery, obstetrics and gynaecology, ophthalmology, oral and maxillofacial surgery, orthopaedic surgery, paediatric surgery, spinal surgery, urology and vascular surgery. All participating trusts prospectively identified and collected supporting information on surgical site infections diagnosed within the six-month study period.
RESULTS: Data were received from 95 NHS trusts. A total of 1807 surgical site infection cases were reported. There were variations in rates reported by trusts across specialties and procedures. Reoperations were reported in 36.2% of all identified cases, and surgical site infections are associated with a delayed discharge rate of 34.1% in our survey.
CONCLUSION: The Getting It Right First Time surgical site infection programme has introduced a different approach to infection surveillance in England. Results of the survey has demonstrated variation in surgical site infection rates among surgical units, raised the importance in addressing these issues for better patient outcomes and to reduce the financial burden on the NHS. Much work remains to be done to improve surgical site infection surveillance across surgical units and trusts in England.

PMID: 31155919 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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Letter to the Editor concerning: "the non-visualized appendix and secondary signs on ultrasound for pediatric appendicitis in the community hospital setting".

Pediatr Surg Int. 2019 08;35(8):919

Authors: Rogerson T, Do-Wyeld M, Cundy TP, Gent R, Goh DW

PMID: 30712084 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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