Role of Supramolecule ErpY-Like Lipoprotein of Leptospira in Thrombin-Catalyzed Fibrin Clot Inhibition and Binding to Complement Factors H and I, and Its Diagnostic Potential.
Infect Immun. 2019 12;87(12):
Authors: Ghosh KK, Prakash A, Dhara A, Hussain MS, Shrivastav P, Kumar P, Balamurugan V, Kumar M
Leptospirosis is one of the most widespread zoonoses caused by pathogenic Leptospira spp. In this study, we report that the LIC11966/ErpY-like lipoprotein is a surface-exposed outer membrane protein exclusively present in pathogenic species of Leptospira The recombinant ErpY (rErpY)-like protein is recognized by the immunoglobulins of confirmed leptospirosis sera of diverse hosts (human, bovine, and canine), suggesting the expression of the native leptospiral surface protein during infection. Circular dichroism of pure rErpY-like protein showed the secondary structural integrity to be uncompromised during the purification process. Analysis of the rErpY-like protein by native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, chemical cross-linking, dynamic light scattering, and field emission transmission electron microscopy demonstrated it undergoes supramolecular assembly. The rErpY-like protein can bind to diverse host extracellular matrices, and it presented a saturable and strong binding affinity (dissociation constant [KD ] of 70.45 ± 4.13 nM) to fibrinogen, a central host plasma component involved in blood clotting. In the presence of the rErpY-like supramolecule, thrombin-catalyzed fibrin clot formation is inhibited up to 7%, implying its role in inhibiting blood coagulation during Leptospira infection. In addition, binding of the rErpY-like supramolecule to complement factors H and I suggests the protein also contributes to Leptospira evading innate host defense during infection by inactivating alternative complement pathways. This study reveals that rErpY-like protein is functionally active in the supramolecular state and performs moonlighting activity under the given in vitro conditions.
PMID: 31548314 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]