Pelvic Organ Prolapse

Related Articles

Laparoscopic Posterolateral Suture Rectopexy for Recurrent Rectal Prolapse in Children.

J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A. 2019 Oct;29(10):1292-1296

Authors: Shehata SM, Elhaddad AA, Abo Senna WM, Shehat MA

Introduction: Laparoscopic rectopexy for recurrent rectal prolapse (RP) is more widely used nowadays. Strict indications are needed to get proper outcomes. The advantages rely on the careful dissection of peritoneal sac and fixation of rectum. One of the theories of recurrent RP is hernia-like physiology in front of the rectum. Purpose: The aim of this study is to present our experience of posterolateral laparoscopic suture rectopexy (LSR) in indicated children of recurrent RP. Patients and Methods: Sixteen patients were included with recurrent RP wherein all were subjected to LSR procedure after exclusion of other probable causes. Dissection of peritoneal sac anterior to the rectum was carried out followed by closure of the deep pouch by nonabsorbable sutures then fixation of the right side of rectum and sigmoid to the lateral wall of areolar tissue. Fixation to sacral promontory is done by Ethibond or Prolene sutures when redundancy is obvious. Results: The study included 11 girls and 5 boys with age ranging between 3 and 12 years in the past 5 years. Ten cases were treated earlier with injection therapy and 6 following Thiersh procedure after failure of conservative treatment for 6 months. Operative time ranged between 40 and 100 minutes. Follow-up period ranged between 6 and 36 months with mean of 19.5 months. Postoperative mucosal prolapse reported in 1 case 6 months postsurgery with no full thickness recurrence. Conclusions: LSR is an efficient technique in well-selected children of recurrent RP and could reverse this underlying pathology. Longer follow-up and evidence are needed to standardize the technique.

PMID: 31545119 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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Pelvic Floor Disorders.

Obstet Gynecol Clin North Am. 2019 Sep;46(3):527-540

Authors: Good MM, Solomon ER

Pelvic floor disorders commonly affect women and may cause distress and difficulty with daily functions and self-image. Urinary incontinence may present as stress incontinence, urgency incontinence, or in some combination (mixed incontinence). Symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse (POP) occurs when the patient is bothered by the sensation of a herniation of the pelvic organs through the vagina. Although POP is often distressing and embarrassing, it is not considered life-threatening unless the patient cannot urinate or defecate. There are numerous ways to treat these conditions, including conservative (including observation), medical, and surgical management.

PMID: 31378293 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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Cost-analysis and quality of life after laparoscopic and robotic ventral mesh rectopexy for posterior compartment prolapse: a randomized trial.

Tech Coloproctol. 2019 May;23(5):461-470

Authors: Mäkelä-Kaikkonen J, Rautio T, Ohinmaa A, Koivurova S, Ohtonen P, Sintonen H, Mäkelä J

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess, whether robotic-assistance in ventral mesh rectopexy adds benefit to laparoscopy in terms of health-related quality of life (HRQoL), cost-effectiveness and anatomical and functional outcome.
METHODS: A prospective randomized study was conducted on patients who underwent robot-assisted ventral mesh rectopexy (RVMR) or laparoscopic ventral mesh rectopexy (LVMR) for internal or external rectal prolapse at Oulu University Hospital, Finland, recruited in February-May 2012. The primary outcomes were health care costs from the hospital perspective and HRQoL measured by the 15D-instrument. Secondary outcomes included anatomical outcome assessed by pelvic organ prolapse quantification method and functional outcome by symptom questionnaires at 24 months follow-up.
RESULTS: There were 30 females (mean age 62.5 years, SD 11.2), 16 in the RVMR group and 14 in the LVMR group. The surgery-related costs of the RVMR were 1.5 times higher than the cost of the LVMR. At 3 months the changes in HRQoL were 'much better' (RVMR) and 'slightly better' (LVMR) but declined in both groups at 2 years (RVMR vs. LVMR, p > 0.05). The cost-effectiveness was poor at 2 years for both techniques, but if the outcomes were assumed to last for 5 years, it improved significantly. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio for the RVMR compared to LVMR was €39,982/quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) at 2 years and improved to €16,707/QALYs at 5 years. Posterior wall anatomy was restored similarly in both groups. The subjective satisfaction rate was 87% in the RVMR group and 69% in the LVMR group (p = 0.83).
CONCLUSIONS: Although more expensive than LVMR in the short term, RVMR is cost-effective in long-term. The minimally invasive VMR improves pelvic floor function, sexual function and restores posterior compartment anatomy. The effect on HRQoL is minor, with no differences between techniques.

PMID: 31069557 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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