Injury

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The incidence rate of hip fractures is increasing with increasing average life span and social activities in elderly patients. In this patient population, the main goal after a hip fracture is to try to return to performing daily activities at pre-fracture levels as soon as possible to prevent complications [1].
Author: Turan Bilge Kizkapan, Abdulhamit Misir, Erdal Uzun, Sinan Oguzkaya, Mustafa Ozcamdalli
Posted: January 21, 2020, 12:00 am
According to the American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric surgery, there were an estimated 158,000 bariatric surgeries performed in 2011. This number has steadily increased yearly, with 216,000 procedures performed in 2016 [1]. Bariatric surgery and its negative effects on bone health have been well documented in the literature. Particularly, its effects on calcium and vitamin-D pathways can lead to hyperparathyroidism as well as changes in metabolic and hormonal profiles, which can be detrimental to bone metabolism [2,3].
Author: Jihoon T. Choi, Brock D. Foster, K. Soraya Heidari, John J. Carney, George F. Hatch, Geoffrey S. Marecek
Posted: January 21, 2020, 12:00 am
Trochanteric fractures continue to be one of the major scourges of orthopedic trauma, with its incidence steadily rising as the average age of the world population also goes up.[1,2]
Author: Luís Lopes-Coutinho, André Dias-Carvalho, Nuno Esteves, Ricardo Sousa
Posted: January 20, 2020, 12:00 am
Pertrochanteric femoral fractures are becoming increasingly common as the population ages and are usually treated surgically by internal fixation. However, implant failure remains a problem for pertrochanteric femoral fractures, especially unstable ones, despite improved techniques and various implant modifications [1].
Author: Pengfei Li, Yang Lv, Fang Zhou, Yun Tian, Hongquan Ji, Zhishan Zhang, Yan Guo, Zhongwei Yang, Guojin Hou
Posted: January 20, 2020, 12:00 am
The publisher regrets <an error in Table 1 in typesetting. The rank-order knowledge-based questions in Table 1 should be listed in ascending numerical order (e.g., 1, 2, 3) as opposed to being listed as all 1’s.>.
Author: Adam Zwislewski, Autumn D. Nanassy, Loreen K. Meyer, Dane Scantling, Marcin A. Jankowski, Gail Blinstrub, Harsh Grewal
Posted: January 20, 2020, 12:00 am
Traumatic injury is a leading cause of death of children and adolescents worldwide [1]. Each day the lives of more than 2000 families are changed irrevocably by the loss of a child to unintentional injury [2]. Most injuries of children are caused by falls and road traffic collisions [3,4]. In Australia, childhood injury is a major public health problem, with injury hospitalisation rates not reducing in over a decade [3,5]. Even when critically injured children survive their injuries, they often face long-term health consequences, such as physical disability and reduced health-related quality of life [6,7].
Author: Kim Foster, Connie Van, Andrea McCloughen, Rebecca Mitchell, Alexandra Young, Kate Curtis
Posted: January 17, 2020, 12:00 am
An estimated fifty million musculoskeletal injuries occur annually in the United States with six million of those being fractures [1, 2]. Approximately 10% of those fractures result in non-union [1]. Hip fractures and long bone fractures remain as leading causes of disability in the aging United States population [3]. Increased mortality, pain and decreased quality of life have all been associated with hip fractures [4]. Furthermore, the incidence of tibial shaft fractures in the United States is close to 500,000 annually making it the most commonly occurring long bone fracture [5].
Author: Yousif Atwan, Emil H. Schemitsch
Posted: January 11, 2020, 12:00 am
This prospective study aims to describe our experience in the management of transverse patellar fractures in elderly patients with minimally invasive osteosynthesis technique (MIOT), at 12-months follow-up.
Author: Giovanni Vicenti, Davide Bizzoca, Vittorio Maria Nappi, Massimiliano Carrozzo, Maria Paola Miolla, Guglielmo Ottaviani, Giuseppe Solarino, Biagio Moretti
Posted: January 9, 2020, 12:00 am
Locked plating has significantly impacted the treatment of periarticular fractures. Distal femoral locking plates are now commonly used in treating distal femur fractures . Precontoured plates are valuable in comminuted fracture patterns to provide a template to reduction [1,2]. However, if the precontoured nature of the plate does not match the patient's anatomy, placing non-locking screws in the shaft will result in a malreduction [3]. To prevent this malreduction, locking screws placed in the shaft can keep the plate off the bone and avoid conforming the patient's anatomy to the contour of the plate [3,4].
Author: Julia C. Bedard, Stephanie Tanner, James Cameron, Kyle J. Jeray, Jr John D. Adams
Posted: January 9, 2020, 12:00 am
Up until the first half of the nineteenth century, the absolute majority of fractures were treated conservatively with bed rest and no weight bearing. Surgery in this time was dominated by pain and lethal infections. The most frequent operation at that time was limb amputation, mainly in case of war injuries or open fractures. The speed and skills of the surgeon compensated for the absence of anaesthesia and asepsis. Development of operative treatment of fractures was influenced by the development of anaesthesia (1846), antisepsis (1865) and X-rays (1895).
Author: Lysanne van Silfhout, Michael JR Edwards
Posted: January 9, 2020, 12:00 am
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